The genitourinary system includes the male reproductive tract as well as the urinary tract in both men and women. Any of the organs in the genitourinary system may develop cancer, including the kidneys, bladder, prostate and testicles. Genitourinary cancers may present in a variety of ways, but one of the more concerning symptoms is blood in the urine. Blood in the urine can be caused by many benign conditions such as infections, inflammation or kidney stones. However, unless your doctor finds a clear explanation for the blood, additional evaluation to rule out genitourinary cancers is typically suggested. Depending on the type and stage of the cancer, as well as the patient’s overall health, treatment options may include surgery, radiation, chemotherapy and/or cryosurgery.